These include “cluster” headaches, which cause repeated episodes of intense pain, and headaches resulting from high blood pressure, and toxic headache produced by fever.
Muscle contraction headaches
Appear to involve the tightening or tensing of facial and neck muscles.
Traction and inflammatory headaches
Symptoms of other disorders, ranging from stroke to sinus infection.
Like other types of pain, headaches can serve as warning signals of more serious disorders. This is particularly true for headaches caused by inflammation, including those related to meningitis as well as those resulting from diseases of the sinuses, spine, neck, ears, and teeth.
The most common type of primary headache (not caused by another medical condition) is migraine. Migraine headaches are usually characterized by severe pain on one or both sides of the head, an upset stomach and, at times, disturbed vision. Women are more likely than men to have migraine headaches. Migraine headaches may last a day or more and can strike as often as several times a week or as rarely as once every few years.
Not all headaches are the same and each may require different treatment options. Your provider may decide to treat your migraine with a Sphenopalatine Ganglion Block (SPGB). Learn more about this option for migraine care.
When headaches occur three or more times a month, preventive treatment is usually recommended. Drug therapy, biofeedback training, stress reduction, and elimination of certain foods from the diet are the most common methods of preventing and controlling migraine and other vascular headaches. Regular exercise, such as swimming or vigorous walking, can also reduce the frequency and severity of migraine headaches. Drug therapy for migraine is often combined with biofeedback and relaxation training.
Not all headaches require medical attention. But some types of headache are signals of more serious disorders and call for prompt medical care. These include:
(Source: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke)