Epilepsy is a neurological condition which affects the nervous system. Epilepsy is also known as a seizure disorder. It is usually diagnosed after a person has had at least two seizures that were not caused by some known medical condition. Diagnosing seizures and epilepsy is like putting the pieces of a puzzle together. The “pieces” are information from many different people and test results.
First, your doctor will confirm whether or not you’ve had a seizure. If you have definitely experienced a seizure, the type will need to be determined. This may require:
EEG tests and brain imaging tests give information about the electrical activity in your brain, what your brain looks like, and what might be causing your seizures. Sometimes a test may be ordered more than once to make sure it’s accurate. If you start to have new symptoms, or if your seizures are not responding to treatment, it might be time to take another look at your diagnosis. (Source: Epilepsy Foundation)
The GHS Neuroscience Institute Epilepsy Program provides comprehensive care devoted to the diagnosis and treatment of neurology-related conditions. For epilepsy, the program provides adult and pediatric patients with unmatched capabilities for the diagnosis and treatment of seizures and specialized services so that patients can get the care they need close to home.
Part of that special care includes a dedicated Epilepsy Monitoring Unit (EMU). This 4-bed unit located in Greenville Memorial Hospital, allows extended monitoring of seizure activity for adult and pediatric patients.
Patients who suffer from seizures and are difficult to diagnose and manage, or those being evaluated for epilepsy surgery, are those most likely to be admitted to the Epilepsy Monitoring Unit. Treatment options for epilepsy include medication, surgical and vagal nerve stimulator programming and placement.