Prostate Facts & Myths

About Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is one of the five most common cancers in the world. Don’t let common myths stop you from getting the life-saving screening tests you need, when you need them. How well can you tell fact from fiction?

Prostate cancer is an old man's disease.

Although only 1 in 10,000 men under age 40 will be diagnosed, the rate skyrockets up to 1 in 38 for ages 40 to 59, and 1 in 15 for men age 60 to 69.

Prostate cancer doesn't run in my family, so I won't get it.

While a family history of prostate cancer doubles a man’s odds of being diagnosed to 1 in 3, the fact remains that 1 out of 6 American men will be diagnosed with prostate in their lifetime.

I don't have any symptoms, so I don't have prostate cancer.

Prostate cancer is one of the most asymptomatic cancers in oncology, meaning not all men experience symptoms. Many times symptoms can be mistaken or attributed to something else.

The prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test is a test for cancer.

The PSA test measures levels of prostate-specific antigen in the prostate, not cancer. PSA is produced by the prostate in response to something abnormal happening in the prostate. The PSA test is the first step in the diagnosis process for cancer.

A high PSA level means you have prostate cancer.

Although prostate cancer is a common cause of elevated PSA levels, some men with prostate cancer may even have low levels of PSA. PSA also can be diluted in men who are overweight or obese due to a larger blood volume. In addition, elevated levels can be an indication of other medical conditions.

Vasectomies cause prostate cancer.

Undergoing a vasectomy has not been linked to increasing a man’s chance of getting prostate cancer, but a man who has had a vasectomy should have his prostete checked by a urologist more often.

Prostate Facts


Second-leading cause of cancer deaths in American men


Four in 10 prostate cancer diagnoses are men younger than 65


About one of every 39 men will die from prostate cancer


New cases of prostate cancer each year in the U.S.