Urinalysis is a test used to examine the content of a urine sample. A urinalysis is used:
• To screen for things like a urinary tract infection, kidney disease, kidney stones, diabetes or pregnancy.
• Before an operation to screen for problems.
• To monitor your health if you’ve been diagnosed with a medical condition like kidney disease or urinary tract disease.
A urine culture is used to identify a urinary tract infection with a sample of “clean-catch” (midstream) urine.