Arthritis is an inflammation of the joints and can affect one joint or multiple joints. There are more than 100 different types of arthritis, with different causes and treatment methods. Two of the most common types are osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

Common Causes

  • A reduction in the normal amount of this cartilage tissue
  • Normal wear and tear
  • An infection or injury to the joints can exacerbate this natural breakdown of cartilage tissue
  • Arthritis can be hereditary

When to Seek Medical Attention

  • If you have symptoms including; joint pain, stiffness, and swelling
  • Your range of motion decreases, and you experience redness of the skin around the joint
  • In the case of rheumatoid arthritis, you may feel tired or experience a loss of appetite due to the inflammation that immune system activity causes
  • If you become anemic — meaning your red blood cell count decreases — or have a slight fever

Arthritis Prevention

  • Maintaining a healthy weight can reduce the risk of developing osteoarthritis, and can reduce symptoms if you already have it
  • Eating a healthy diet rich in antioxidants can help reduce inflammation
  • Staying active and exercising regularly will keep joints flexible