Foot or Ankle

Our providers have vast knowledge and clinical experience in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of all types of foot and ankle injuries and disorders, including; sprains, fractures, arthritis and deformity. We provide our patients with personalized care that includes both conservative and surgical treatment and therapy.

The human foot is a strong and complex mechanical structure containing 26 bones, 33 joints and more than one hundred muscles, tendons and ligaments. The ankle consists of three bones: the tibia, the fibula, and the talus. With so many moving parts, there are numerous conditions that may cause foot or ankle pain. Just a few common causes are listed below.

In addition to our foot and ankle specialists, we offer podiatry services. Podiatrists are medical specialists who help with problems that affect your feet or lower legs.

Common causes of foot pain

  • Arthritis
  • Bone spurs
  • Bursitis (joint inflammation)
  • Hammertoe and mallet toe
  • Stress fractures
  • Tarsal tunnel syndrome

Common causes of ankle pain

  • Arthritis (specifically osteoarthritis)
  • Blocked blood vessels
  • Gout
  • Infection in the joint
  • Nerve damage or injury, such as sciatica
  • Sprained ankle

When to seek medical attention

  • If your pain does not go away after a few weeks or if swelling does not go down in two to three days.
  • If you develop an infection; if your ankle is warm, tender, red or if you have a fever over 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit.
  • If your foot or ankle looks visibly disfigured or if you cannot put any weight on it.
  • If your ankle makes a popping sound when you try to move it.
  • If you have intense pain when you are not moving.
  • If pain interferes with mobility.

Injury prevention

These basic tips may help prevent pain in your foot or ankle:

  • Wear proper shoes. Use hiking shoes on rough terrain. Wear steel-toed boots in your work environment if necessary. Choose appropriate athletic shoes for your sport.
  • Replace athletic shoes regularly. Discard sneakers as soon as the tread or heel wears out or if the shoes are wearing unevenly. If you’re a runner, replace your sneakers every 300 to 400 miles.
  • Build bone strength. Calcium-rich foods, such as milk, yogurt and cheese, really can do your body good. Taking vitamin D supplements also can help.
  • Use night lights. Many broken toes are the result of walking in the dark.
  • Declutter your house. Keeping clutter off the floor can help you to avoid trips and falls.
  • Strengthen your ankle muscles. If you are prone to twisting your ankle, ask your doctor for exercises to help strengthen the supporting muscles of your ankle.