Ankle pain refers to any type of pain or discomfort in your ankles. This pain could be caused by an injury, like a sprain, or by a medical condition, such as arthritis.

Risk Factors/Causes

• A sprain is a common cause of ankle pain
• Arthritis (specifically osteoarthritis)
• Gout
• Nerve damage or injury, such as sciatica
• Blocked blood vessels
• Infection in the joint


• If your pain does not go away after a few weeks or if swelling does not go down in two to three days.
• If you develop an infections; if your ankle is warm, tender, red or if you have a fever over 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit
• If your ankle looks visibly disfigured or if you cannot put any weight on it
• You have intense pain when you are not moving your ankle
• Your ankle makes a popping sound when you try to move it


Your doctor may order an X-ray of your ankle.


• Rest — Avoid putting weight on your ankle. Try to move as little as possible for the first few days. Use crutches or a cane if you have to walk or move.
• Ice — Begin by putting a bag of ice on your ankle for at least 20 minutes at a time. Do this three to five times a day for three days after the injury. This helps reduce swelling and numb pain. Give yourself about 90 minutes between icing sessions.
• Compression — Wrap your injured ankle with an elastic bandage, like an ACE bandage. Do not wrap it so tightly that your ankle becomes numb or that your toes turn blue.
• Elevation — Whenever possible, keep your ankle raised above heart level on a stack of pillows or other type of support structure.
• You can take over-the-counter drugs, such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen, to relieve pain and swelling.
• In some cases, he or she will remove fluid from the joint using a needle.
• You may be given nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications, braces, or other special protective gear.
• In severe cases, ankle pain may require surgery.

How to Prevent Ankle Sprains:

  • Wear appropriate shoes for the activity
  • Use ankle braces
  • Fully rehabilitate all sprains

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