Gynecologic cancer is any cancer that starts in a woman’s reproductive organs. Cancer is always named for the part of the body where it starts. Gynecologic cancers begin in different places within a woman’s pelvis, which is the area below the stomach and in between the hip bones.

The five main types of gynecologic cancer are:

  • Cervical
  • Ovarian
  • Uterine
  • Vaginal
  • Vulvar

Risk Factors

Each gynecologic cancer is unique, with different risk factors. However, all women are at risk for gynecologic cancers, and risk increases with age. Treatment works best when gynecologic cancers are found early.


  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding or discharge
  • Pelvic pain or pressure
  • Abdominal or back pain
  • Bloating
  • Changes in bathroom habits
  • Itching or burning of the vulva
  • Changes in the vulva color or skin, such as a rash, sores, or warts


Cervical cancer is the easiest gynecologic cancer to prevent, with regular screening tests and follow-up. Two screening tests can help prevent cervical cancer or find it early—

  • The Pap test (or Pap smear) looks for pre-cancers, cell changes on the cervix that might become cervical cancer if they are not treated appropriately.
  • The HPV test looks for the virus (human papillomavirus) that can cause these cell changes.

Best Chance Network

Best Chance Network is a breast and cervical cancer screening program offered through a grant from the American Cancer Society and provides the following at no cost to you.

  • Help and guidance from nurses
  • Clinical breast exams by a breast surgeon
  • Screening for cervical cancer
  • Testing as recommended by surgeon that may include mammograms, ultrasound as well as further work-up
  • Follow-up appointments as needed
  • Referrals to other physicians

The Best Chance Network provides breast and cervical cancer screenings to women in South Carolina who are between the ages of 30 and 64 and are medically underserved. Click here for more information and guidelines. To sign up for a free screening, call (864) 455-2476.


Doctors remove cancer tissue in an operation.

Using special medicines to shrink or kill the cancer. The drugs can be pills you take or medicines given in your veins, or sometimes both.

Using high-energy rays (similar to X-rays) to kill the cancer.

How May We Help?

Contact Us: (864) 455-7070

“They saved my life.”

Laura Getty, a patient of one of our clinical programs, is grateful for the quick thinking of our exceptional surgeons and the innovative treatment she received.

View Her Story